Safety Technical Operating Regulations for Loader
Dec 27 , 2021
Safety Technical Operation Regulations for Loaders

1. When the small wheel loader is driving, the bucket should be retracted and the bucket should be about 400~500 mm above the ground. Pay attention to whether there are roadblocks or high-voltage lines while driving. Except for the prescribed drivers, no other people are allowed to ride.

2. When the loader is driving, avoid sudden change of direction. When the bucket is lifted with load, it is not allowed to make sharp turns or brake.

3. The loader must abide by the traffic rules when driving on the highway, drive carefully, and it is forbidden to drop in neutral when going downhill.

4. If the engine stalls on a sloping slope, place the bucket on the ground and brake, place the operating levers in the neutral position, and then start the engine.

5. The loader should pay attention that the stick should not rise too high.

6. When unloading side slopes, trenches, and pits, be careful not to extend the bucket too much to avoid overturning.

7. It is not allowed to work on the site where the inclination exceeds the regulation, and there must be no obstacles and irrelevant personnel in the work area.

8. When the loader bogie is not locked, it is strictly forbidden to stand between the front and rear frames for maintenance.

9. After the boom is raised, safety pins must be installed or other measures must be taken to support the boom before lubrication and adjustment work to prevent the boom from falling and hurting people.

10. After the operation, the loader should be parked in a safe place, the bucket should be placed on the ground, all operating levers should be placed in the neutral position, and the brake should be locked.

Precautions for forklift operation

1. Carry out the inspection work before leaving the vehicle. After confirming that the various parts are normal, check whether the control handles are placed in the middle. If the machine is shut down and left for a long time, you should first inject fuel into the fuel system with a hand fuel pump and loosen the fuel injection pump. On the bleed screw to vent the gas in the fuel system. When starting, turn on the key switch, switch on the main power supply, and press the starting key to rotate to start. If the first start fails, wait 2 to 5 minutes before starting the second time. If it fails to start three times, stop the start, find out the cause, and start again after troubleshooting. Each start time shall not exceed 12 seconds.

2. After the engine is started, warm up the engine at a speed of 600-750r/min, and pay close attention to the readings of various instruments, especially the reading of the diesel oil pressure gauge. The value should be greater than 0.05MPa. When the barometer reading is greater than 0.44 MPa, you can leave the car.

3. After the engine starts, check whether all parts of the loader are normal, and raise the boom to the transport position; release the hand brake, step on the brake pedal, gently manipulate the shift lever, and hang the lever in the selected gear Position; release the foot brake pedal and slowly depress the accelerator pedal to accelerate the loading gradually. After the water temperature reaches 75°C, it can be operated at full load.

4. When the loader is driving in the same direction, there is no need to stop or step on the brake pedal to shift gears; but if you change the driving direction, you must shift gears after parking.

5. When the loader is driving or working on a ramp, the selector valve should be placed in the non-cut position (applicable to loaders with selector valves), because the gearbox still has power output when braking, and it can start quickly once the brake is released. To ensure that the loader runs smoothly; otherwise, if the selector valve is placed in the cut-off position and the brake pedal is stepped on, the oil circuit of the gearbox will be cut off, so that the gearbox has no power output, and the loader will start to slip after it stops. And instability.

6. When manipulating the joystick of the bucket cylinder, when the bucket is placed in the proper position and the joystick is released, the joystick can automatically return; but when the joystick of the boom cylinder is manipulated, the boom is raised (or lowered) After reaching the desired position, the joystick should be placed in the middle, because the boom joystick has no automatic return function.

7. During the operation of the loader, the water temperature of the engine must not exceed 95°C, and the oil temperature of the torque converter must not exceed 115°C. If the oil and water temperature exceed the allowable value due to long-time heavy-duty operation, stop and cool down.

8. If the engine of the loader suddenly turns off during operation, the brake pedal should be stepped on immediately. Therefore, the steering oil pump has stopped working, so the steering gear cannot be turned to implement steering.

9. It is strictly forbidden to drive at high speed while driving! Driving at high speeds poses a threat to safety. When the loader is driving downhill, lightly step on the brake pedal and keep the engine running. It is strictly forbidden to shut down and slide!

10. The parts of the loader should be regularly maintained and lubricated as required.

11. Loader gearbox—the hydraulic transmission oil used in the torque converter and the hydraulic oil used in the hydraulic system must be clean and meet the specified requirements.

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